Determination of the position of Nucleus® cochlear implant electrodes in the inner ear

TitleDetermination of the position of Nucleus® cochlear implant electrodes in the inner ear
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1994
AuthorsSkinner, M. W., D. R. Ketten, M. W. Vannier, G. A. Gates, R. L. Yoffie, and W. A. Kalender
JournalThe American Journal of Otology
Call NumberDRK6879
Keywordscochlea, cochlear implants, computerized tomography, ct scan, humans, inner ear, intracochlear electrode

Accurate determination of intracochlear electrode position in patients with cochlear implants could provide a basis for detecting migration of the implant and could aid in the selection of stimulation parameters for sound processor programming. New computer algorithms for submillimeter resolution and 3-D reconstruction from spiral computed tomographic (CT) scans now make it possible to accurately determine the position of implanted electrodes within the cochlear canal. The accuracy of these algorithms was tested using an electrode array placed in a phantom model. Measurements of electrode length and interelectrode distance from spiral CT scan reconstructions were in close agreement with those from stereo microscopy. Although apparent electrode width was increased on CT scans due to partial volume averaging, a correction factor was developed for measurements from conventional radiographs and an expanded CT absorption value scale added to detect the presence of platinum electrodes and wires. The length of the cochlear canal was calculated from preoperative spiral CT scans for one patient, and the length of insertion of the electrode array was calculated from her postoperative spiral CT scans. The cross-sectional position of electrodes in relation to the outer bony wall and modiolus was measured and plotted as a function of distance with the electrode width correction applied.